Social Agenda

It is in his social agenda that Burle Marx’s lectures are perhaps most surprising. In several lectures Burle Marx tells us that he is motivated by people, by the collective, and by society. While this is very much consistent with his role as an activist, the general perception of Burle Marx’s landscape architecture was that he did not care about the client or user, but did his own thing. Sir Geoffrey Jellicoe put it bluntly, “You see, what he does is he will walk onto a site and do the swishing and do these lovely things,  mind it will be his thing, it will be what he wants to have there and very nice worthwhile it is too.” Even Haruyoshi Ono would confirm this approach:  that Burle Marx did what he himself wanted, but that over time he began to consider the user more carefully. “In the beginning before I started to work with Roberto, he just said ‘I think I want this garden’ and made it. But then I started to work with him and tried to, more or less, open his mind and said ‘you have to listen to the client because the garden is for the client.’ Then he became more open for the client.”
In Finding a Garden Style to Meet Contemporary Needs, Burle Marx tells us that, “a work of art cannot be, I think, the result of a haphazard solution.” He applied what he termed a series of principles-not formulas-to his projects. He claims in Concepts in Landscape Composition, to have ‘never deliberately sought originality as an aim.” Having been initially trained as a painter -who works alone- Burle Marx brought the attitude of the “great maestro” to his landscape architecture, even though, through his firm, he provided full-service design, from concept to maintenance.  Despite -or indeed because of- his concern for the users, and their quality of life and their needs, he believed very much in the agency of design.  In Gardens and Ecology he tells us, “The social mission of the landscape architect has a pedagogical side of communicating to the masses a feeling of esteem and comprehension of the values of nature through his presentation of it in parks and gardens.” Burle Marx saw the potential of design to educate on the environment, in addition to the ability of changing the quality of lives through his landscape architecture. Burle Marx’s lectures show the social intentions of his artistry.

Gareth Doherty, On Burle Marx and his Lectures (2018)


Roberto Burle-Marx, Copacabana Promenade (1970)




I should like to insist once more on the theme of devastation, which is more serious in tropical countries than in temperate ones. I wish to point out that its principal effects are climatic and microclimatic changes and the destruction of a common capital represented by the fertility of the soil. The suppression of the flora and fauna and the transformation of areas into deserts is hardly a reversible process. It represents a human attack against the sources of life and a form of destruction of future generations.
The social mission of the landscape architect has a pedagogical side of communicating to the masses a feeling of esteem and comprehension of the values of nature through his presentation of it in parks and gardens. ln Brazil-where there is sometimes a suspicious aversion to local plants, a preference for foreign ones over what are considered to be weeds-l have had, over long experience, to insist again and again, against much opposition, on a fuller understanding of the importance of our action and our contribution to changing the public’s mentality. We should show that someone was worried about leaving a valid aesthetic and useful legacy to those who come after us.

Roberto Burle-Marx, Gardens and Ecology (1987)

Roberto Burle-Marx & Oscar Niemeyer, Ibirapuera Park (1954)


(Header: Image of one of the 2019 Amazon rainforest wildfires (see Wikipedia Report))